Whilst the Industrial revolution might not seem to have been the most exciting revolution ever, it is one of the most important events of modern history. Occuring in the late 18th to early 19th century, it thoroughly shaped the world we now live in. And at its front was Great Britain.
Although the British Empire had always been a power to be reckoned with, the industrial revolution pushed them even more ahead, granting them economic stability and a leap into modernism.
One of the main reasons behind Great Britain's leading role was simply geography. Coal could be found in excess and proved to be an efficient power supply for the new steam engines. The many rivers across the country also proved useful when it came to transporting both coal and goods. But the geography at Great Britain’s disposal was not only the one within the own country, but also the ones of their large number of colonies. Taking advantage of people and land that they had conquered, the British Empire had an almost infinite supply of resources to use.
Furthermore, one of the greater advantages of Britain was the existence of a society that encouraged science and invention. Entrepreneurs and inventors made a great deal of money, leading to others seeking out the same path. The revolution was driven by profit, which naturally attracted people. Britain had been through the glorious revolution, and was now under a time of political stability.
The intellectual climate and general curiosity lead to there being no censorship on science. You can see clear contrasts between this and the absolute monarchies of for example France in the beginning of the revolution.
Finally, the previous success of the advancing agricultural techniques proved useful. Both because less people were now needed for farming, opening up opportunities for other work. Also, the more stable farming resulted in a population boom. More people could then work in the factories, and the demand for product increased.