TOK tips&tricks

Updated: Oct 24, 2019

  • RELATE TO YOUR REAL LIFE SITUATION. If you pay attention to the diagram about ToK presentation you MUST come back and relate to your real life situation. Countless great presentation lack this very important aspect (which, by the way, is in the grading criteria). Every claim, all the evidence, every conclusion, every limitation -RELATE. You mustn't just speak about the way knowledge is, without telling us how it will work in real life, in a real example.

  • This is a NOT a ‘knowledgeable’ but rather an ‘about-knowledge’ presentation. In other words, if you explain to us the entire periodic table or you go on and on telling us about psychological studies that will not earn you many marks. It can nonetheless be used as evidence for your knowledge claims, but only if this is ultimately related to knowledge itself. This will NOT be a presentation in which you prove to everyone how much you know about something, but one in which you show your reflections about knowledge.

  • For example: even if the periodic table has shown to be very useful, does it mean that we should not question it or that it is perfect? Does this mean that we have a blind faith in things that are normally considered to be truth?

  • Try to avoid topics you feel very passionate about as you may take it very personal and you might seem biased. This will NOT be a presentation in which you tell us why abortion should be penalized or why gay marriage is okay. This may be a presentation in which you show us how different parties (pro or against) relied on knowledge to argue if it was right or wrong.

  • If you cannot come up with a KQ try starting the question with “how can we really on knowledge to..” or “how can we know…” this way it is very likely that you will be formulating a KQ, at least to get you started with the process.

  • Quality instead of quantity. Focus on 3 or 4 AoK/WoK. One thing I found very useful for my presentation is to pick AoK as a higher theme and use the WoKs as sub-themes as these are all used in different ways in the AoK. e.g. faith is used in history, religion, sciences, etc

  • Try to find flaws to your conclusion. What are the limitations of your findings? For example if you are using religion as your AoK you can ask yourself “is the Bible really a reliable source?” or “if religion is so plural in voice and interpretation, how can we know which interpretation is the most adequate?” Limitations show that you have made a deeper reflection about knowledge.

  • A good way to find knowledge claims and counterclaims is to go to the KEY POINTS that are at the end of every WoK/AoK chapter in your ToK book. All of these are well formulated knowledge claims that tell us about the nature of the WoK/AoK.

  • Maintain a good and logical structure, otherwise it will be hard to follow and if your teachers cannot follow, they cannot evaluate you accordingly either. In IB Mastery you can find an example structure that was is very handy. Search for: How to Structure a Theory of Knowledge (TOK) Presentation

  • DO NOT invent your RLS, again, this must be REAL.

#TOK #Theoryofknowledge #Daniel #DanielMoreraTrettin


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