Updated: Oct 23, 2019
What it is
“Chlamydia Trachomatis” is a sexual transmitted bacterial infection which is very common around the world. During 2015, 38 000 people were reported having Chlamydia in Sweden.
The bacterial infection cannot reproduce on itself without a hosts molecules to depend on(especifically an ATP energy molecule) as well as other nutrients that the human body can provide, thus it being similar to a virus. In conclusion Chlamydia is an obligate intracellular parasite.
The symptoms are not noticeable at first, leading to many having it without knowing it. The symptoms approximately appear after one to three weeks after having unprotected sex. If not treated, it may lead to other serious diseases. Symptoms may be pain when urinating or unusual discharge from the vagina, penis or rectum. Also women can experience pain in the tummy, bleeding during or after sex, and bleeding between periods and men can experience pain and swelling in the testicles.
Chlamydia can be found in two shape stages, elementary and reticulate body shape. When Chlamydia is in the stage of spreading between cells or bodies, it is in an elementary shape, where it has a dense, spore like, metabolically inactive structure. When Chlamydia enters a cell, it reaches the second stage of the shape (Reticulate) and it is only in this shape where it can use the resources from the cell and make copies of itself.
How it is spread
You can get Chlamydia through anal, oral and vaginal intercourse. The disease is not a one time experience and if it gets treated once there is still a possibility to get it again if your partner has it. The disease is spread between cells, and people, but are not activated before it starts to metabolize and use the resources from the cells it takes over.
Will Chlamydia affect my sex life? You and your partner should use the medication given by your doctor and wait for a week, after finished treatment you can have intercourse.
Will Chlamydia harm/affect the baby?
It is very important to test yourself if you think you have Chlamydia during your pregnancy. It is very important that you treat Chlamydia immediately, otherwise you will harm your child during delivery. Chlamydia increases the chance of delivering your baby earlier as well as the child getting eye infections/blindness and or pneumonia during delivery.