History never says goodbye. History says "See you later" - Eduardo Galeano

September 17, 2019

The spanish civil war 

Monday’s in the city of northern Spain, Guernica was market day. In April 26, 1937, which was on a monday, two nuns looked up at the sky and yelled “Aviones” (planes) and in that day 1600 people got killed. The dead of Guernica were the victims of the Spanish civil war that had broken out in 1936. In Spain, 1931 the king was forced to leave and a Republican government was set up with Socialists and Libera...

September 17, 2019

After the first world war, Europe was no longer the leading role as a banker. United States was starting

to grow its power economically, Japan was getting stronger and North America ruled over the great routes from Atlantic to the Pacific. Europe however spent a lot of money on war for four years, thus at the end of the war the leaders of the European countries faced complications with the wish to return their country to the w...

September 17, 2019


By 1914 Europe no longer expected any wars and had seened peace for almost a 100 year since the Congress of Vienna. Brief conflicts like the Crimean and the Franco-Prussian wars were around but no large scale wars. 


Nationalism was growing in the 1800s leading to disunity as well as unity. The unity were the France and the British which had been united for centuries. Disunity, however, were the ethnic gro...

September 17, 2019

Peterloo Massacre - During the summer of 1819, there was a gathering of 60,000 people in St.Peter’s Field in Manchester to listen at a couple of leading reformers. In that day, Local Officials sent soldiers who killed 11 and injured 400. The government was on the Local Officials side, stopped such public meetings and silenced those who wanted reform. 

During this time the middle class reformers were pushing the Parliament with...

September 17, 2019

The French revolution and Napoleon's conquest, created a new current of thoughts in Europe during the 1800’s.

During the 1800’s even novels like Frankenstein, written by Mark Shelly inspired and influenced two majors in industrialization, science and that imaginations and emotions are as important as reason. The new industrialized societies in Europe and United States, changed the mindset of the people towards science and knowl...

September 16, 2019

The congress of Vienna

During the 1800s the liberalism was growing, even though the conservatism did not decrease. Liberalism stood for guarantees of individual freedom, political changes and social reforms. These ideas supported the Enlightenment and the French revolution. In contrast people with conserv values disliked the ideas of the Enlightenment and the French revolution, like Edmund Burke who condemned the French revolut...

September 16, 2019


A revolution upon a revolution

The agricultural revolution in Great Britain was a fundamental base for the industrial revolution, due to

the fact that food sources increased, which fed more people. The food could feed more labors, thus being one of the reasons leading to an industrial revolution. A bigger food supply made it possible for more people to be born and that made less work available. Also the enclosure moveme...

September 15, 2019

Parliament gained more power

The parliament was divided into 2 major parts. The house of lords, were nobles served for life and The house of commons, were specific members were elected, like wealthy landowners called gentry. The gentry truly profited the society, by for example raising sheep for wool, which helped the textile industry. 

The english Parliament in Britain gained more control and power throughout the society. Reach...

September 15, 2019

Louis XV inherit a rich nation from his father Louis XIV, the sun king. He lived a life in luxury as his country led in subjects like philosophy during the Enlightenment and people admired french clothes, art and cooking. 

The structure of the Old Regime

In the eyes of the Old Regime the king had absolute power. The french people were divided up into three estates: clergy, nobility and commoners. The clergy and the nobility oppo...

September 3, 2019

The Battle of Britain was Hitler's first major defeat during World War II. The so far undefeated Luftwaffe had to declare themselves defeated by the Royal Air Force after a three-month sky battle. Polish pilots played a significant role in this success. During the sky battle of Britain, they shot down about 170 German planes, as well as damaged 36 of them. 

The Battle of Britain began on July 10th, 1940. The Germans launched a...

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